Authenticating scripted clients

To make scripted clients (such as wget) invoke operations that require authorization (such as scheduling a build), use HTTP BASIC authentication to specify the user name and the API token.

Earlier versions of Jenkins require you to specify your real password, and it is only available when your security realm is password-based (for example, OpenID, Crowd and CAS plugins authenticate you without a password, so you simply don’t have any password!) Specifying the real password is still supported, but it is not recommended because the risk of revealing password, and the human tendency to reuse the same password in different places.

The API token is available in your personal configuration page. Click your name on the top right corner on every page, then click "Configure" to see your API token. (The URL $root/me/configure is a good shortcut.) You can also change your API token from here.

Note that Jenkins does not do any authorization negotiation. i.e. it immediately returns a 403 (Forbidden) response instead of a 401 (Unauthorized) response, so make sure to send the authentication information from the first request (aka "preemptive authentication").

Shell with curl

The curl command is available for most operating systems including Linux, macOS, Windows, FreeBSD, and more.

curl -X POST -L --user jenkins:apiToken \
    https://jenkins.yourcompany.com/job/your_job/build

Shell with wget

The wget command needs the --auth-no-challenge option to authenticate to Jenkins:
wget --auth-no-challenge \
    --user=user --password=apiToken \
    http://jenkins.yourcompany.com/job/your_job/build

Groovy script using cdancy/jenkins-rest

The cdancy/jenkins-rest client greatly simplifies REST API access. The following Groovy code shows how to authenticate to Jenkins and get some system info:

@Grab(group='com.cdancy', module='jenkins-rest', version='0.0.18')

import com.cdancy.jenkins.rest.JenkinsClient

JenkinsClient client = JenkinsClient.builder()
    .endPoint("http://127.0.0.1:8080") // Optional. Defaults to http://127.0.0.1:8080
    .credentials("user:apiToken") // Optional.
    .build()

println(client.api().systemApi().systemInfo())

For additional information, see the cdancy/jenkins-rest wiki.

Perl LWP example for a scripted client

The following Perl example uses the LWP module to start a Job via a "Trigger builds remotely" token:

#
# Use LWP to run a Jenkins job
# set authorization_basic on the request object
# to make use of BASIC HTTP authorization, apparently
# already handling the preemptive part correctly this
# way.
#
use strict;
use warnings;

use LWP;

my $server = 'srvname';
my $srvurl = "http://$server/jenkins";
my $uagent = LWP::UserAgent->new;
my $req = HTTP::Request->new(
  GET => "$srvurl/job/test/build?token=theTokenConfiguredForThisJob&cause=LWP+Test"
);
$req->authorization_basic('username@mydomain.com', 'apiToken');
my $res = $uagent->request($req);

# Check the outcome of the response
print "Result: " . $res->status_line . "\n";
print $res->headers->as_string;
print "\n";
if (!$res->is_success) {
  print "Failed\n";
}
else {
  print "Success!\n";
  # print $res->content, "\n";
}

Java example with httpclient 4.3.x

This will cause httpclient 4.3 to issue authentication preemptively:

import java.io.IOException;
import java.net.URI;

import org.apache.http.HttpHost;
import org.apache.http.HttpResponse;
import org.apache.http.auth.AuthScope;
import org.apache.http.auth.UsernamePasswordCredentials;
import org.apache.http.client.AuthCache;
import org.apache.http.client.ClientProtocolException;
import org.apache.http.client.CredentialsProvider;
import org.apache.http.client.methods.HttpGet;
import org.apache.http.client.protocol.HttpClientContext;
import org.apache.http.impl.auth.BasicScheme;
import org.apache.http.impl.client.BasicAuthCache;
import org.apache.http.impl.client.BasicCredentialsProvider;
import org.apache.http.impl.client.CloseableHttpClient;
import org.apache.http.impl.client.HttpClients;
import org.apache.http.util.EntityUtils;

public class JenkinsScraper {

    public String scrape(String urlString, String username, String password)
        throws ClientProtocolException, IOException {
        URI uri = URI.create(urlString);
        HttpHost host = new HttpHost(uri.getHost(), uri.getPort(), uri.getScheme());
        CredentialsProvider credsProvider = new BasicCredentialsProvider();
        credsProvider.setCredentials(new AuthScope(uri.getHost(), uri.getPort()),
            new UsernamePasswordCredentials(username, password));
        // Create AuthCache instance
        AuthCache authCache = new BasicAuthCache();
        // Generate BASIC scheme object and add it to the local auth cache
        BasicScheme basicAuth = new BasicScheme();
        authCache.put(host, basicAuth);
        CloseableHttpClient httpClient =
            HttpClients.custom().setDefaultCredentialsProvider(credsProvider).build();
        HttpGet httpGet = new HttpGet(uri);
        // Add AuthCache to the execution context
        HttpClientContext localContext = HttpClientContext.create();
        localContext.setAuthCache(authCache);

        HttpResponse response = httpClient.execute(host, httpGet, localContext);

        return EntityUtils.toString(response.getEntity());
    }

}


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